Fifth Grade

Curriculum Overview

Mathematics

Our math series allows students review, maintain, and build upon previously learned skills.  The program provides explicit instruction of new content and vocabulary. It promotes cumulative learning and conceptual understanding. Fractions and decimals continue to be the chief concern of arithmetic study in the fifth grade.

The following are some areas of Mathematics that the fifth graders will master, insha Allah:

  • solves multi-digit addition and subtraction problems of whole numbers and decimals
  • solves multi-digit multiplication problems
  • demonstrates proficiency with long division with whole numbers with multi-digit divisors
  • composes and decomposes numbers, including factors to solve problems
  • finds and uses decimal and percent equivalents for common fractions
  • understands the concepts and performs addition and subtraction of fractions
  • understands the concepts and performs simple multiplication of fractions
  • calculates and uses simple percents of whole numbers in real world application
  • uses a letter to represent an unknown number; writes and evaluates simple algebraic expressions with one variable by substitution
  • identifies and graphs ordered pairs in the four quadrants of the coordinate plane
  • describes, extends and makes generalizations about geometric and numeric patterns
  • understands and computes the area and perimeter of irregular shapes labeling correct units
  • understands and computes the volume and surface area of rectangular solids
  • identifies, describes attributes of, measures, and draws angles, perpendicular and parallel lines, rectangles, and triangles by using appropriate tools
  • understands and applies different ways of finding what is “typical” or “average” (mean, median and mode)
  • reads, interprets, and constructs various types of graphs and explains which type is most appropriate for a given data set
  • uses a variety of strategies to make estimates and solve problems
  • expresses solutions clearly and logically using the appropriate terms, pictures and numbers
  • explains and justifies solutions and strategies using mathematical vocabulary
  • relate everyday language to mathematical language and symbols
  • apply logical processes to problem-solving situations; screen relevant and irrelevant information
  • logically communicate mathematical thinking using words and symbols
  • explain and justify solutions and strategies used orally and in writing
  • identify and evaluate various approaches to problems, choose one and solve problem; create word problems

Language Arts

The Language Arts program will focus on four strands: reading, writing, spelling, and grammar and mechanics. The fifth graders will read five main novels and will complete a poetry unit.  Our series allows students to learn spelling skills based on phonics through unique, cross-curricular reading passages, practice, and writing activities.  Our language arts program provides students with instruction in grammar and mechanics, study skills, vocabulary development, and sentence structure

Students will be expected to meet the following expectations:

  • use various word analysis strategies to read unknown words in context
  • recall important details from a story
  • extract the main idea or theme from a text
  • use prior knowledge, experience, and context to make predictions and draw conclusions or inferences from reading
  • read critically
  • consult a variety of reading and reference material to get information
  • distinguish among literary forms and genres
  • demonstrate interest in independent reading for knowledge and enjoyment
  • write a well-planned and interesting text with sufficient detail
  • write for a variety of purposes and audiences: compose in expository, narrative, and descriptive and persuasive styles
  • use a variety of organizing strategies such as webs, story maps, note-taking, outlining
  • persevere throughout the writing process
  • edit own and other’s work for quality of expression, paragraphing, grammar, punctuation, and spelling
  • develop artistic written expression through poetry
  • follow complex oral directions and instructions; respond with appropriate questions
  • deliver well-planned oral presentations
  • recite and read aloud poetry or selections from literature with fluency and expression
  • participate effectively in group discussions; express thoughts and ideas clearly and concisely

History

History has had until now only a pictorial and personal nature, and no attempt has been made to introduce exact temporal concepts or to proceed in strict sequences. Now, however, history becomes a special main lesson subject, as does geography. History, telling of humanity’s deeds and strivings, stirs the child to a more intense experience of their own humanness. Geography does exactly the opposite; it leads them away from themselves, out into ever-wider spaces from the familiar to the unfamiliar. History brings the children to themselves; geography brings the children into the world.

Ancient history in the fifth grade starts with the childhood of civilized humanity in ancient India, where people were dreamers. The ancient Persian culture, which followed the Indian, felt the impulse to transform the earth, till the soil, and domesticate animals while helping the sun god conquer the spirits of darkness.

The great cultures of Mesopotamia reveal the origins of written language on clay tablets. The Egyptian civilizations of pyramids and pharaohs precede the civilization of the Greeks with whom ancient history ends.

Every means is used to give the children a vivid impression of these five ancient cultures. They read translations of poetry, study hieroglyphic symbols of the Egyptians, sample arts and crafts of the various ancient peoples, trying their hands at similar creations. History is here an education of the children’s feelings rather than of their memory for facts and figures, for it requires inner mobility to enter sympathetically into these ancient states of being so different from our own.

A study of American geography emphasizes contrast. Every consideration of the earth’s physical features is linked with a study of the way human life has been lived in the region: the human uses made of natural resources, industry and produce. As a continuation of their study of the living earth, the fifth graders begin a study of botany, the plant world. After discovering some of the secrets of the plant life found in their own environment, the children’s attention is drawn to vegetation in other parts of the world.

Science

Scientific Process Skills

  • work individually and as a team member to collect and share information
  • conduct investigations to test a hypothesis and record results; begin to control variables in an experimental situation
  • predict probable outcomes; use facts to support conclusions
  • communicate scientific information in various ways through written materials, pictures, graphs, charts, or models

Encounter the big ideas of Life, Physical, and Earth Sciences through participation in classroom study of Human Body Systems, Mixtures and Solutions, and Solar Energy

  • a mixture combines two or more materials that retain their own properties
  • a saturated solution results when a solvent has dissolved as much material as it can
  • concentration is the amount of material dissolved in a measure of liquid
  • volume is the three-dimensional space occupied by liquid
  • when a change results from mixing two or more materials, that change is a chemical reaction creating a new product

Physical Education

  • participate in major team games, group games, and relays
  • participate in rhythm activities
  • participate in winter Martial Arts Program
  • demonstrate good health practices (e.g., nutrition, exercise, rest, health care)

Qur’an

Fifth graders will begin memorization of the Qur’an with Sura Al-Mohammad and continue to Sura Yasin . They will inshaAllah memorize both of these beautiful Suras and learn many of the stories and lessons they contain.

Arabic

Arabic in the fifth grade consists of four main components as in the other grades; oral language, reading, writing, and poetry. Students at this level will continue to learn more about the environment that they live in through selected monthly themes and lessons. They will learn to communicate in Arabic, learn fluency in reading, word roots, handwriting, and memorize and learn Arabic poems.

Islamic Studies

The Islamic Studies program will be comprised of a review of the basics of Islam. The five pillars and articles of faith will be explored in concrete detail. Also the character and proper behavior of a Muslim will be the focus of our attention. All students will study the introduction of the book of Al-Akhdari, which is an excellent overview of the aforementioned content. The Birr al-Walidayn text will also be introduced.

All students will also study the obligations and sunnan of the purification and the prayer.

All students will study the life of the Prophet (SAW). They will also learn various ahadith from the Forty Hadith of Imam Nawawi.